9th century apse mosaic of Saints Valerian and Cecilia
Valerian sounded familiar before the movie, however, because of the flowering plant of the same name, used in sleep tea and as a medicinal herb since ancient Roman and Greek times.
Valerian was the name of a 3rd century Roman emperor and his grandson, the Roman Caesar Valerian II. Namesakes also include, but are not limited to, an 8th Duke of Wellington, Russian prince Valerian Madatov, designer Valerian Rybar, Romanian cleric Valerian Trifa, Saint Valerian of Abbenza, Saint Valerian of Aquileia, Saint Valerian of Cimiez, and Saint Valerian, husband of Saint Cecilia.
International variants include Valerio, Valerius (original Roman form), Valère, and Valeri/Valeriy.
There are more namesakes for Valeriane than Valeriana. Examples are model Valeriane le Moi, artist Valeriane Leblond, and actress Valeriane de Villanueve. Valerianella affinis is a rare and beautiful plant species, but there are many other pretty flowering Valerianella plants.